Do Women Have Souls?

Catholicism, Feminism & the Council of Mâcon

“Woman has always been unfairly discriminated against by man,” commencement speaker Henry Edmunds told the Philadelphia High School for Girls class of 1905. Edmunds was president of the city's Board of Public Education and a booster of progessive education initiatives such as Girls' High. His point was uncontroversial, but he caused a stir when he added, by way of illustration: “Even as late as the fifteenth century there was held in the south of France a council of learned prelates who for...

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About the Author

Kathleen Sprows Cummings is associate director of the Cushwa Center for the Study of American Catholicism at the University of Notre Dame.

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