No doubt about it: Iraq is a terrorist nation. Saddam Hussein’s government used chemical weapons against its own Kurdish population in 1988 and it invaded and terrorized citizens and residents of Kuwait in 1990. Since the end of the Persian Gulf War in 1991, it has terrorized its own citizens by evading UN weapons’ inspections and by diverting oil-for-food funds to the military. Most experts believe Iraq is using these funds to build up its infrastructure for the manufacture of nuclear, biological, and chemical weapons.

Nonetheless, no credible evidence has emerged to show that Iraq was involved in the September 11 attacks on the United States. And yet, Iraq is very likely to be the next target in the war on terrorism. A faction in the DOD led by Assistant Secretary Paul Wolfowitz has long pressed for a "regime change" in Iraq. It is time, the group argues, to finish the Gulf War by removing Saddam Hussein from power—an argument that didn’t go far until the war in Afghanistan. The relatively swift overthrow of the Taliban makes an attack on Hussein tempting now, but that speed and success should not be taken as the template for war with Iraq, where there is no armed and organized opposition like the Northern Alliance and where there is a strong and well-organized central government. Saddam Hussein is not, like Mullah Omar, a religious leader who happened to become head of government, nor is the Republican Guard a ragtag...

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