Cursed by God?

Americans generally think of pregnancy and birth in terms of natural processes that call for a healthy diet, doctor’s appointments, ultrasounds, and pain management during labor. But as New York Times columnist Nicholas D. Kristof reported February 25, giving birth can prove nothing short of disastrous for many women in Africa.

That’s because a large number of African women are stricken with obstetric fistula, a complication in...

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About the Author


Agnes R. Howard is assistant professor of history at Gordon College in Wenham, Massachusetts.

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