It has been fifty years since John XXIII opened the Second Vatican Council with a clear signal that the long era of what some call “Constantinianism”—in which the church could depend on civil authorities to help defend the faith—was over. Vatican II’s eventual declaration on religious liberty, Dignitatis humanae...
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Gerald W. Schlabach is professor of theology at the University of St. Thomas in Minnesota and author of Unlearning Protestantism: Sustaining Christian Community in an Unstable Age (Brazos Press). He is cofounder of, and a longtime leader in, Bridgefolk, a grassroots organization for unity and dialogue between Mennonites and Catholics.